By now, you should know how much emphasis I put on good nutrition. It’s a key component in reaching your fitness, health, and diabetes management goals
That’s why I think following a healthy meal plan is such a great idea and why I truly enjoy creating these meal plans (plus I get to try a lot of different foods in the process).
The plan focuses on low or medium glycemic carbs spread out throughout the day to support stable blood sugars and keep hunger at bay. That, in combination with lean proteins and healthy fats, is a winning combination whether you are looking to maintain, gain or drop weight.
If some of the meals in this plan don’t work for you, you can always look at my other meal plans for substitutes. Mix and match as you like, just try to match the macros (carbs, protein, and fats) for each meal.
How to find your calorie need
If you have read Strong With Diabetes Meal Plan #1 and know how to calculate your daily calorie need, you can skip the next section and go straight to the meal plan.
We all have different calorie needs. Your daily calorie need depends on your size, fitness level, daily activity, gender, etc. When you are creating a healthy diabetes meal plan, your first step should therefore always be to calculate your “calorie equilibrium”, or how many calories you need each day to maintain your current weight. You can learn exactly how to find you calorie equilibrium with 5 easy steps in this post: “How to Find Your Daily Calorie Need“.
Once you know your calorie equilibrium, you can adjust your daily calories up or down to meet your goals. If your goal is to lose weight, I recommend that you eat up to 500 calories less than your equilibrium each day (but no less than 1,200 per day). This should lead to a steady and healthy weight loss.
If you want to gain muscle, start out by adding in 300-500 calories more than your equilibrium each day and see what happens. If you find that you are also putting on a little too much fat, decrease your calories slightly.
The Strong With Diabetes meal plan
Now that you know how to calculate your daily calorie need, you are ready to create a healthy diabetes meal plan. Well, I say create, but you can really just use the plan in this post as it is. I have already calculated all the macronutrients (calories, carbs, protein, and fat), so you just need to choose the calorie level that is right for you.
The example below is for a 1,600 calorie/day plan, but you can download the meal plan as a PDF with many different calorie levels. The download also includes a version with grams instead of ounces for my international friends.
This meal plan has a calorie split of 30% carbs, 40% protein, and 30% fat, which is what I generally recommend for weight loss (you can read “How to Lose Weight When You Live with Diabetes” for more details).
If your goal is to build muscle, I recommend that you increase the carbs to 35-40% of your daily calories and decrease the fat to 20-25%. If this sounds a little complicated, you can simply add 20 g carbs to meal 4 or meal 5 (20 g carbs equals: 1 oz. oats, 3 oz. rice (cooked), 3.2 oz. sweet potato or quinoa (cooked) or 2.5 rice cakes).
I know that healthy nutrition (and especially how many carbs to eat) is a topic that causes a great deal of discussion in the diabetes community. I make no claim that my approach is the best or only way to do it, but it’s what works for me and the clients I work with. If you are doing something different that works for you, then definitely keep doing it!
This is a 1,600-calorie example. You can see other calorie levels in the image at the end of this post or download them here.
Meal 1 – Egg white, veggie & turkey bacon scramble
- 6.7 oz. egg whites
- 2.7 oz. sweet potato (measured raw)
- 1.3 oz. turkey bacon
- 4 oz. veggies (broccoli, tomato, red onion)
- Salt & pepper
- Cooking spray
Instructions: Boil and peel the sweet potatoes. Cut potatoes and the washed veggies into bite-size pieces. Coat a skillet with cooking spray and put over medium heat. Cut the bacon into 6-8 pieces and cook for about 2 minutes (or until browned). Flip over bacon, add potatoes and veggies to the skillet and let it cook for 2-3 minutes.
Whisk the egg whites with salt and pepper and add to the skillet. Scramble until desired consistency (simply keep moving the food around on the skillet using a spatula).
Pro tip #1: Cook a big batch of sweet potatoes and keep in the fridge.
Nutrients: 333 calories, 32 g protein, 22 g carbs, 11 g fat
Meal 2 – Snack plate
- 1 hard boiled egg
- 2.7 oz. hummus
- 1.5 rice cakes
- 4 oz. veggies
Instructions: All the prepping you need to do is to boil the egg (8 minutes for hard boiled) and cut the veggies
Nutrients: 282 calories, 14 g protein, 27 g carbs, 12 g fat
Meal 3 – Shrimp & quinoa bowl
- 5.3 oz. cooked and de-veined shrimp
- 2.7 oz. cooked quinoa
- 1.3 oz. olive oil
- 4 oz. mixed veggies (tomato, cucumber, pepper)
- Salt & pepper
Instructions: Mix quinoa with veggies, and toss with olive oil, salt, and pepper. Fold in shrimp.
Pro tip #1: Buy the shrimp frozen to save money
Pro tip #2: Always cook quinoa (and rice) in chicken or vegetable broth instead of water. It tastes MUCH better that way.
Nutrients: 299 calories, 35 g protein, 20 g carbs, 9 g fat
Meal 4 – Salmon cream cheese open sandwich
- 1.3 oz. smoked salmon
- 0.3 oz. low-fat cream cheese
- 2/3 Ezekiel muffin (or other low-carb bread)
- 4 oz. mixed veggies (tomato, red onion, mixed greens)
- ½ tsp. dry basil
- Salt & pepper
Instructions: Toast the Ezekiel muffin. Mix basil, salt, and pepper with the cream cheese and spread on the muffin. Top with smoked salmon and sliced red onion.
Nutrients: 240 calories, 17 g protein, 28 g carbs, 7 g fat
Meal 5 – Steak fajita with avocado
- 5.3 oz. Steak (sirloin, flat iron)
- 1.5 small yellow corn tortilla
- 1.3 oz. avocado
- 4 oz. veggies (pepper, onions)
- 1 tsp. soy sauce
- 1 tsp. balsamic
- ½ tsp. dried oregano
- ½ tsp. dried basil
- Salt & pepper
Instructions: Mix soy, balsamic, oregano, basil, salt and pepper in a Ziploc or small bowl. Cut the steak into strips and leave it in the marinade for at least 20 minutes. Cut the veggies into strips and set aside. Heat a skillet and cook the marinated steak for 1-2 minutes on each side. Take the steak off the skillet and set aside. Fry the veggies in the remaining marinade for about 5 minutes. While the veggies fry, heat the tortilla (per the instructions on the packaging). Slice avocado, and roll it up in the tortilla with the meat and veggies
Pro tip #1: The meat doesn’t have to be marinated and can be eaten cold as well.
Nutrients: 340 calories, 35 g protein, 24 g carbs, 11 g fat
Meal 6 – Cottage cheese with sugar-free jam
- 5.3 oz. fat-free cottage cheese
- 1.5 tsp sugar-free jam (I use Smuckers Strawberry preserve)
- 1 tsp. stevia (optional)
Instructions: Mix cottage cheese with stevia and serve with jam on top.
Nutrients: 122 calories, 20 g protein, 14 g carbs, 0 g fat
Daily totals: 1,616 calories, 153 g protein, 136 g carbs, and 50 g fat.
If you don’t like (or can’t get) any of the ingredients in this plan, there are lots of healthy alternatives that you can use instead. Below are my favorite substitutes for the main ingredients. All of them can be substituted on a 1-to-1 basis (1 oz. chicken can be substituted with 1 oz. of turkey). If you’d prefer to use ingredients that aren’t listed below, you will have to look up their macronutrients yourself.
Turkey Bacon: Parmesan cheese, Mozzarella cheese
Egg whites: Protein powder (min. 20 g protein and max.5 carbs. per scoop), white fish (tilapia, cod, haddock, and halibut), canned tuna (in water), shrimp
Sweet potato: Ezekiel, tortilla, brown rice, potato, lentils, beans, rice cake, quinoa
Whole egg: Almond butter, peanut butter, sunflower butter, nuts, avocado, oil
Steak: Ground beef, tofu, chicken, turkey, salmon, smoked salmon
Changing up the plan
I like to eat the same foods for several days in a row with only minor changes and then change the plan every week or so. I would suggest that you follow this plan for a week and then start on the next plan (which I will post in a week from now). You can also go back and follow my one of my other meal plans for another week.
If you click the image below, you will get the option to download the meal plan as a document that also has a version with grams instead of ounces.
Medical Disclaimer: All information provided on TheFitBlog is based on my own and our expert’s personal experience. We are not medical professionals and no adjustments to care should be done without consulting your medical team. If you are new to exercise, haven’t exercised in a while, and/or haven’t seen your medical team in the last 3 months, it is advised to do so before engaging in any kind of physical activity. You must not rely on the information on TheFitBlog as an alternative to medical advice from your doctor or other professional healthcare provider. If you have any specific questions about any medical matter, you should consult your doctor or other professional healthcare provider. You should never delay seeking medical advice, disregard medical advice, or discontinue medical treatment because of information on this website.